Why Are Corals Important?

Ocean Biodiversity

  • Corals cover less than 1% of the ocean’s floors, however, our fisheries depend on the reefs for 25-40% of the catch globally. Coral reefs are places for fish to breed, feed, grow, and live.
  • 700 million people depend on these reef fish for their subsitance


  • Every year, eco tourists spend over $30 billion in tourism dollars visiting coral reefs and the communities that surround them.
  • They provide the living habitat for hundreds of species of fish and thousands of species of invertebrates.
Vaughn counting seagrass turions

Air quality

  • Coral reefs are the rainforests of the sea, and along with other ocean plants, produce a large amount of the oxygen we breath

Protect our Coastlines

  • Reefs protect the shore lines from wave and storm damage.
  • Slow waves that break on shore during storms.
  • In the United States of America alone, coral reefs provide more than $1.8 billion in flood protection benefits, protecting at least 18,000 people. –S. Geological Study.